In this unique ‘C minus 4’ model, middle school students (grade ‘C’) are given specific training and mentoring to equip them to teach students four years younger (‘C minus 4’) to themselves. Trained in the non-cognitive and cognitive aspects of teaching, and using the proven cross-age peer learning approach to teaching, the ‘C’ students engage in teaching academic subjects to junior students in their respective schools. For Example: If class 8 students are trained and mentored, they teach academic subjects to class 4 students in their school.
The ‘C minus 4’ Model has the potential to produce knowledgeable and confident students. The impact of this model implementation can be realized in the many benefits to its beneficiaries. In particular, the experience of being brought to a premier higher education institution like IITM for the training, inspires and motivates the student-teachers.
Teaching encompasses many skills including effective communication, knowledge sharing, planning, organization, and empathy. Through this teaching process, besides developing responsible behavior and the ability to work as a team, the ‘C’ students also become knowledgeable and confident. This motivates them to learn with clear conceptual understanding, exhibit leadership skills and eventually become role-models to their fellow-students.
Peer learning increases interest to learn, enhances knowledge and makes learning fun. Peer learning complements learning from an adult teacher.
Mentoring the ‘C’ students helps establish a positive relationship between them. This provides an enriching learning atmosphere and an opportunity for the teacher to model the true spirit of a good leader.
When students across grades help each other, become responsible and gain knowledge, the school sees development of brotherhood and a learning culture that promotes positive attitude among students.
After getting the necessary permissions from the education board (government), schools are invited to participate in this one-day ‘Awareness Workshop’. Here, the Teachers (8th grade and 4th grade), Headmaster, School Board, Funding Agency, Project Team (coordinators, facilitators/trainers, field officer, staff) are made aware of the model concept, implementation process and the expected outcome. Input is sought from them regarding implementation feasibility.
‘C’ students and Mentor teachers are invited to participate in a training workshop. At the workshop: ‘C’ students are trained in Cognitive and Non-Cognitive skills; Mentor Teachers are trained to guide (Scheduling, Lesson Plan prep etc.) and motivate the ‘C’ students during the implementation. They are also given guidelines to maintain relevant documents (Logs for Preparation, Delivery and Feedback).
‘C’ students are trained to develop effective & clear communication; overcome fear of public speaking & stage fright; motivate; enhance confidence and induce interest to learn and perform. They are taught to learn for teaching purpose, construct lesson plans and deliver successfully.
Mentor Teacher Training involves training the Mentor Teachers to mentor the ‘C’ students and assist them in the implementation. During this training, the concept of mentorship and aspects relevant to this model is brought to the awareness of the Mentor Teachers. By guiding, motivating, encouraging and supporting them throughout the implementation process, the Mentor Teacher and the ‘C’ students develop a bond and build strong relationships between them.
The act of, ‘C’ students teaching the ‘C minus 4’ students, is key in the implementation process. With the guidance of Mentor teacher and the training given, ‘C’ students prepare to teach the ‘C minus 4’students.
In consultation with ‘C minus 4’ teacher, the topics (from Mathematics and/or Science) and sub topics are determined. ‘C’ students can begin by teaching topics already taught by ‘C minus 4’ Teacher and gradually take up new topics that are not already taught to the ‘C minus 4’ students.Topic Break up:
Chapters must be broken down to fit the teaching period duration and frequency.
Teaching period frequency and duration are determined in consultation with the ‘C minus 4’ teacher. Each week, a minimum of 2 periods of 30 minutes each is scheduled. Method of teaching is determined based on the strength and teaching style of the ‘C’ students keeping in mind the main components of teaching (lecture, answering questions, demonstration, game, experiment, quiz, test, competition, project).
The Mentor Teacher guides the ‘C’ student to catch up with lessons he/she missed during teaching periods. After school hours, free periods or extra-curricular periods are used to learn the missed lessons.
To keep track of the implementation process, the Mentor Teacher and the ‘C’ students systematically document, knowledge evaluation, lesson plans, teaching period review, suggestions and other relevant notes.
Monitoring an implementation is an important step in the process. A field officer from the project team visits the schools on a regular basis to guide the Mentor Teacher and foresee the implementation. During these visits, the field officer meets the Headmaster, ‘C minus 4’ teacher, Mentor Teacher as well as the ‘C’ students. He/she also collects feedback logs from the Mentor Teacher.
The data collected by the field officer is used to assess the effectiveness of implementation and the impact it created. The data also helps measure the progress and improvement in the ‘C’ students.
The ‘C minus 4’ implementations have been carried out in two states namely Tamilnadu and West Bengal. A total of 200, 8th grade students from rural government schools have been trained to become ‘C’ students.
|Sl. No||School Name|
|1||Municipal High School, Alandur, Kanchipuram|
|2||Panchayat Union Middle School, Thandalam, Kanchipuram|
|3||Panchayat Union Middle School, Musaravaakam, Kanchipuram|
|4||Panchayat Union Middle School, Collectors Colony, Kanchipuram|
|5||Ambattur Municipality Middle School, Kallikuppam, Tiruvallur|
|6||Panchayat Union Middle School, Thirumazhisai, Tiruvallur|
|7||Chennai High School, Teynampet,Chennai|
|8||Panchayat Union Middle School, Sholinganallur, Kanchipuram|
|9||Chennai Middle School, Maduma Nagar,Tiruvallur|
|10||Panchayat Union Middle School, Navalur, Kanchipuram|
|11||Panchayat Union Middle School, Mootaikaranchavadi, Kanchipuram|
|Sl. No||School Name|
|1||GHSS Mambakkam, Kanchipuram District|
|2||GGHSS Thiruporur, Kanchipuram District|
|3||GHS Kandigai, Thiruvallur District|
|4||GHSS Kelambakkam, Kanchipuram District|
|5||GHSS Nellikuppam, Kanchipuram District|
|6||GHSS Anjur. Kanchipuram District|
|7||GGHSS Nandhivaram, Kanchipuram District|
|8||GBHSS Nandhivaram, Kanchipuram District|
|9||GBHSS Thiruporur. Kanchipuram District|
|Sl. No||School Name|
|1||All Saints Church School, Kharagpur|
|2||Gurguripal High School (H.S.)|
|3||Laudaha V.A.S.T. Vidyapith (H.S.)|
|4||Laudaha V.A.S.T. Vidyapith (H.S.)|
|5||Laudaha V.A.S.T. Vidyapith (H.S.)|
|6||Laudaha V.A.S.T. Vidyapith (H.S.)|
|7||Laudaha V.A.S.T. Vidyapith (H.S.)|
|8||Bhadutala Vivekananda High School|
|9||Daharpur A.P.K.B. Vidyabhavan|
|10||Daharpur A.P.K.B. Vidyabhavan|
|11||Rohini C.R.D. High School|
|Sl. No||School Name|
|12||Rohini C.R.D. High School|
|13||Rohini C.R.D. High School|
|14||Gopali I.M High School (H.S.)|
|15||Radhamohanpur Vivekananda High School|
|16||Moupal Deshapran Vidyapith (H.S.)|
|17||S. E. Rly. Girl's High School, Kharagpur|
|18||Kamiachak Vidyasagar Vidyabhavan|
|19||Harma Jaminibala Balika Vidyamandir|
|20||Kharagpur South Side High School (H.S.)|
|21||Khandibandh Kokilmoni High School (H.S.)|
|22||Gobardhanpur P.N. Vidhayatan|
The first step toward sustenance is to establish a mechanism to continue the implementation of the model over long duration. Training the Mentor Teachers to conduct students training programme is an effective way to increase the number of trained student-teachers year after year.
Success of the model in its true sense will be achieved when students from every remote corner of the country get an opportunity to develop knowledge, skills and confidence. This can be done in two ways:
A virtual space (online) hosting the teaching videos of ‘C’ students will be created. In these videos, the ‘C’ students will teach academic subjects using the skills they acquired through the ‘C minus 4’ training and the experience they gained from teaching their junior students during the model implementation.